Ten Key Tax Facts about Home Sales
In most cases, gains from sales are taxable. But did you know that if you sell your home, you may not have to pay taxes? Here are ten facts to keep in mind if you sell your home this year.
- Exclusion of Gain. You may be able to exclude part or all of the gain from the sale of your home. This rule may apply if you meet the eligibility test. Parts of the test involve your ownership and use of the home. You must have owned and used it as your main home for at least two out of the five years before the date of sale.
- Exceptions May Apply. There are exceptions to the ownership, use and other rules. One exception applies to persons with a disability. Another applies to certain members of the military. That rule includes certain government and Peace Corps workers. For more on this topic, seePublication 523, Selling Your Home.
- Exclusion Limit. The most gain you can exclude from tax is $250,000. This limit is $500,000 for joint returns. The Net Investment Income Tax will not apply to the excluded gain.
- May Not Need to Report Sale. If the gain is not taxable, you may not need to report the sale to the IRS on your tax return.
- When You Must Report the Sale. You must report the sale on your tax return if you can’t exclude all or part of the gain. You must report the sale if you choose not to claim the exclusion. That’s also true if you get Form 1099-S, Proceeds From Real Estate Transactions. If you report the sale, you should review the Questions and Answers on the Net Investment Income Taxon IRS.gov.
- Exclusion Frequency Limit. Generally, you may exclude the gain from the sale of your main home only once every two years. Some exceptions may apply to this rule.
- Only a Main Home Qualifies. If you own more than one home, you may only exclude the gain on the sale of your main home. Your main home usually is the home that you live in most of the time.
- First-time Homebuyer Credit. If you claimed the first-time homebuyer credit when you bought the home, special rules apply to the sale. For more on those rules, see Publication 523.
- Home Sold at a Loss. If you sell your main home at a loss, you can’t deduct the loss on your tax return.
- Report Your Address Change. After you sell your home and move, update your address with the IRS. To do this, file Form 8822, Change of Address. You can find the address to send it to in the form’s instructions on page two. If you purchase health insurance through the Health Insurance Marketplace, you should also notify the Marketplace when you move out of the area covered by your current Marketplace plan.
Additional IRS Resources:
IRS YouTube Videos:
- Selling Your Home – English | Spanish | ASL
- Premium Tax Credit: Changes in Circumstances – English | Spanish | ASL
- Premium Tax Credit – English | Spanish | ASL
Tips for Filing an Accurate Return
The first step toward completing an accurate return and claiming every deduction and credit that you are entitled to is assembling critical records and documents. These include:
- Earnings statements like W-2s, 1099s and/or 1098s
- Social Security or other taxpayer ID numbers for all people listed on your return
- Any IRS letters you received in 2022 about deduction or credit amounts, adjustments made to your past tax returns, etc.
- Form 1095-A (Health Insurance Marketplace Statement), if you claim the Affordable Care Act Premium Tax Credit
- Form 1098-T (Tuition Statement), if you claim education expense credits or deductions
To avoid processing delays and potential IRS penalties, taxpayers must report all forms of potentially taxable income. In addition to wages or a salary that you receive as an employee, make sure to accurately report any income you had from:
- Business activities, including selling goods online, independent contract work, side gigs or other forms of self-employment
- Interest, dividends, gains from digital assets (cryptocurrency, non-fungible tokens, stablecoins) transactions or other investment returns
- Seasonal or other temporary or part-time work
- Prizes, awards, bonuses or gambling winnings
In addition, having your bank account and routing numbers handy will enable you to request your refund by direct deposit.