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Ten Key Tax Facts about Home Sales

In most cases, gains from sales are taxable. But did you know that if you sell your home, you may not have to pay taxes? Here are ten facts to keep in mind if you sell your home this year.

  1. Exclusion of Gain.  You may be able to exclude part or all of the gain from the sale of your home. This rule may apply if you meet the eligibility test. Parts of the test involve your ownership and use of the home. You must have owned and used it as your main home for at least two out of the five years before the date of sale.
  2. Exceptions May Apply.  There are exceptions to the ownership, use and other rules. One exception applies to persons with a disability. Another applies to certain members of the military. That rule includes certain government and Peace Corps workers. For more on this topic, seePublication 523, Selling Your Home.
  3. Exclusion Limit.  The most gain you can exclude from tax is $250,000. This limit is $500,000 for joint returns. The Net Investment Income Tax will not apply to the excluded gain.
  4. May Not Need to Report Sale.  If the gain is not taxable, you may not need to report the sale to the IRS on your tax return.
  5. When You Must Report the Sale.  You must report the sale on your tax return if you can’t exclude all or part of the gain. You must report the sale if you choose not to claim the exclusion. That’s also true if you get Form 1099-S, Proceeds From Real Estate Transactions. If you report the sale, you should review the Questions and Answers on the Net Investment Income Taxon IRS.gov.
  6. Exclusion Frequency Limit.  Generally, you may exclude the gain from the sale of your main home only once every two years. Some exceptions may apply to this rule.
  7. Only a Main Home Qualifies.  If you own more than one home, you may only exclude the gain on the sale of your main home. Your main home usually is the home that you live in most of the time.
  8. First-time Homebuyer Credit.  If you claimed the first-time homebuyer credit when you bought the home, special rules apply to the sale. For more on those rules, see Publication 523.
  9. Home Sold at a Loss.  If you sell your main home at a loss, you can’t deduct the loss on your tax return.
  10. Report Your Address Change.  After you sell your home and move, update your address with the IRS. To do this, file Form 8822, Change of Address. You can find the address to send it to in the form’s instructions on page two. If you purchase health insurance through the Health Insurance Marketplace, you should also notify the Marketplace when you move out of the area covered by your current Marketplace plan.

Additional IRS Resources:

  • Publication 5152: Report changes to the Marketplace as they happen English | Spanish

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Common Tax Refund Myths

There can be uncertainty around the timeline for receiving IRS tax refunds. Here are a few common questions related to these myths, along with real-world answers.

Q: Can I get a more accurate refund date by calling the IRS or my tax return preparer?

A: No. The IRS Where’s My Refund online portal (link below) and the IRS2Go app provide the most accurate information available on the timeline for your tax refund.

Q: Can I find out my refund date by ordering a tax transcript from the IRS?

A: This popular myth is false. Use the Where’s My Refund portal or IRS2Go app to get an estimated date for your refund.

Q: The Where’s My Refund Portal or IRS2Go app does not show a refund deposit or mailing date. Does this mean that the system is not working?

A: Generally, if these sources cannot provide a refund date, it just means that the IRS has not finished processing your return. While the IRS issues most refunds within 21 days for electronically filed returns, processing can take longer for a variety of reasons.

Q: What does it mean if Where’s My Refund shows a different refund amount than I expected?

A: Most likely, the IRS had to make an adjustment to your return. You will receive an official IRS or U.S. Treasury letter explaining any change to your refund amount.

Q: If I get a 2021 tax refund, does that mean my withholding amounts are correct for 2022?

A: Not necessarily. Regardless of your refund amount, it is always good to check the IRS Withholding Estimator Tool (link below) periodically to make sure you are staying on track.

IRS Where’s My Refund portal: https://www.irs.gov/refunds
IRS Withholding Estimator tool: https://apps.irs.gov/app/tax-withholding-estimator